In particular, trochanteric bursitis is an extremely rare manifestation of osteoarticular tuberculosis. We describe a case of tuberculous coxitis. Tuberculosis of the hip joint region in children. MAF MohideenI; MN RasoolII. I MBChB(Medunsa). Registrar. Nelson Mandela School of Medicine, University of . PubMed journal article [Tuberculous coxitis in the hips 55 years after primary tuberculosis were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed App to.

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Sinuses and lymph nodes were also seen rarely. For further improvement in instability, one can do Tactoplasty as advocated by Saito et al.

Although the initial microbiological examination of the first aspirate being inconspicuous, a current Quantiferon-Test [ 7 ] showed a positive reaction as an indication of a latent or active infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis M. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.

Radiol Clin N Am ; These hips were mainly of the poor prognostic types, with erosion of coxitiz head or acetabulum, dislocation or joint narrowing.

Tuberculosis of the bones and joints ; Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg. Biopsy from a bony lesion is important. However, there are several recommendations for the period of treatment and combination of antituberculotic medication before an operative treatment [ 1112 ] to reduce potential risk of reactivation of infection.

Many authors suggest that medical treatment alone is enough. Intra-articular infection involved the synovium, acetabulum, epiphysis, metaphysis or the epi-metaphyseal area Table II. Patients presenting with sound ankylosis, short fibrous or bony in a bad position required upper femoral corrective osteotomy.

We used a spica cast for unstable hips and applied an above-knee cast with a broomstick in abduction for four to six weeks in stable hips.

Campbell and Hoffman 16 observed relationship between radiological type and results with treatment. A comparison of radiography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging.

The prognosis after chemotherapy, traction, rest and mobilization exercises is very good tubercluosis this stage and the surgical interventions usually are not required.


Tuberculous arthropathy | Radiology Reference Article |

Six weeks after tuberculozis, continuing physiotherapy and oral double combination, the patient was almost free of pain and ROM was improved. Tuberculosis remains a major cause of skeletal infection in developing countries.

The reason for our decision to choose a reconstructive bone-saving surgical technique was influenced by different factors. Post-operatively the hips were immobilised in a spica cast and physiotherapy was commenced after 3 to 4 weeks. By the time definite radiological changes appear on plain X-ray, the disease has moderately advanced.

Clinical, laboratory and radiological features were assessed. With pathological subluxation and dislocation, it may be impossible to obtain a congruous hip. In addition to traction and chemotherapy, analgesics supplementation is necessary till spasm of the muscles is relieved. Excision arthroplasty for tuberculous and pyogenic arthritis of the hip. Traction relieves the muscle spasm, prevents or corrects deformity and subluxation, maintains the joint space, minimizes the chances of development of migration of acetabulum and permits close observation of the hip region.

Other authors believe that surgical debridement and drainage is necessary. The aims of this study are to report the clinical and radiological patterns of tuberculosis of the hip joint region in children; highlight the resemblance to various osteoarticular lesions; and correlate the radiological appearance with the coxitix of treatment.

It is a sensitive test to detect soft tissue abnormalities in and around the joint. Similarly in adult’s avascular necrosis AVNdegenerative and inflammatory conditions may pose a problem in the diagnosis.

Although its prevalence in industrial countries is decreasing, it still is not eradicated. Tuberculosis of the femoral head and neck may lead to various deformities. All the osteoarticular lesions were histologically confirmed for tuberculosis. Through the hematogenous route, the bacteria reach either to synovium or bone. Amniotic arthroplasty for tuberculosis of the hip joint.

Loading Stack – 0 images remaining. Localised osteopaenia was a common radiological finding.

Tuberculous coxitis: diagnostic problems and varieties of treatment: a case report.

X-ray of the right pelvis 3 months after diagnosis with increasing patchy transparence in the femoral head and neck as well as in the greater trochanter and acetabulum with clear progressive joint space narrowing. Thereafter by confirming TBC and open lung tuberculosis, the patient was treated with combination of oral Isoniazid, Rifampicin, Ethambutol and Pyrazinamid.


Tuberculosis of the hip joint in children has a less destructive presentation than was seen in the past. The tissue obtained from the diseased site must be subjected to histology, AFB staining PCR and also for culture and sensitivity.

Tectoplasty for painful dislocation or subluxation of the hip. One has however to resort to chair and commode toilet system for whole life.

Extra-articular osseous involvement was seen in the proximal femur, greater and lesser trochanter, ilium, ischium and body of the pubis Table II. Tuberculosis of the hip region in children can manifest in various radiological forms. The implants were removed in four patients. Tubercular arthropathy is usually monoarticular. Ten tugerculosis after starting oral therapy, a CT of the thorax detected scars without nodular pathologic infiltrates or pleural effusion in both apical parts of the lungs.

Any factor which modifies the state of local resistance and resultant activation coxihis dormant tubercle bacilli, microtrauma has been proposed as a mechanism, however no case could it be established that trauma was an etiological factor. Cited coxltis Google Similars in Google. In the case of the abduction deformity, traction on the other limb is also applied to stabilize the pelvis. Although the patient did not show any pulmonary symptoms open tuberculosis was confirmed.

A clinicoradiological classification of tuberculosis of the hip.